Now that most of the Northern Hemisphere has defrosted it is time to start waking up the Rose Beds or ready for new Roses!
First, pruning roses in the spring; Pruning is basically the act of getting rid of dead and damaged pieces, and teaching the new growth to grow in the correct outward facing direction. That just means that you are training them to grow facing the outside of the shrub or bush. This gives your roses the correct amount of circulating air to thrive in.
Pruning is necessary for healthy vibrant roses this summer. Do not worry about cutting to much you need to get enough off so that the plant has a good base. Start with good and sharp pruning shears for cutting the dead off (the black hard vines). Try to do this before new growth appears. If there is new growth, cut above the new growth that will be able to support the new heavier branches.
Second, Sunlight for Roses; Roses prefer full sun, but will perform well with at least 6 hours of sunlight a day.
The question of sun exposure is particularly pertinent for the gardener who may not have the open space for a formal rose garden. They have to select from the side of their house with the most appropriate exposure.
In areas with intense summer heat, the morning sun is preferable. In areas that do not have the intense summer heat choose the area with the most direct sunlight hours. Roses can grow in the shade, but for best results do not grow them in the shade. Roses grown in the shade are usually spindly, unattractive, produce few if any blooms, and are more susceptible to insect and disease problems.
Having a Great Rose Garden is easier than you think. All it takes is some care and a little planing.